Got any good vocabulary
words to add to our sports jargon dictionary?
10k - distance
of 10,000 meters or 6.2 miles
- 15,000 meters or 9.3 miles, an odd distance, not quite
a 10-miler, sort of a "tweener" on the way to a half-a-thon
Sir Roger - English runner first broke 4-minute mile barrier
Bob - Olympic Gold medalist, set World Record in Mexico
City with long jump of 29 feet 2-1/2 inches which in 1968
surpassed the record for longest jump by a remarkable 1
foot 9-3/4 inches; a World Record he held for 23 years;
an Olympic Record that still stands.
adjective used to describe an athletic performance that
so dramatically surpasses any previous one that it completely
overwhelms the imagination by its seeming impossibility.
Based on Bob Beamon's Olympic long jump performance in Mexico
City in 1968.
bear - point
in the race or interval where lactic acid buildup physically
changes your stride as if you were carrying a bear on your
- A class of drugs that works by partially blocking the
effects of adrenaline and adrenaline-like chemicals in the
body during exercise and times of stress. Reduces heart
rate, blood pressure and the heart’s force of contraction.
Although not banned from such sports as golf, becoming more
controversial in use. (From Links Magazine article, For
Beta or for Worse).
- See blood doping
doping - runner extracts own blood then uses it as a transfusion
prior to a race to increase the number of oxygen carrying
red blood cells
- caused by long hot runs in which sweat and chafing rub
- lubricating product to prevent chafing and skin irritation
- Australians description of the fear and pain suffered
when cricket players were hit by English paceman Harold
Larwood's thunderbolts during the 1932-33 series down under.
See leg theory.
bonk - crashing
in a race (usually a marathon) attributed to running out
Bradman, Sir Donald
- Australian cricket player who dominated the sport in the 1930's;
a prolific batter with a career average of 99.94. "Poetry
and murder lived in him together. He would slice the bowling to
ribbons, then dance without pity on the corpse.'' R. C. Robertson,
a Glasgow journalist describing Bradman.
derby - International transcontinental foot race organized by
promoter C.C. Pyle in the late 1920's. One race was from Los Angeles
to New York in 84 days (3,339.5 miles); the second was from New
York to Los Angeles in 78 days (3,531.7 miles).
- n. runner of road races with tendency to suffer and die
somewhere along the route, usually as the result of being overtaken
by a carcassore (see below). Synonym: roadkill.
(kär-küs-ôr) - n. Sometimes confused with
a ferocious pre-historic canivorous creature, this term applies
to a runner who has a net positive production of road kills as
opposed to a carcasee, whom have a tendancy to cast a very unpleasent
aroma anytime they step into a road race. Related to carcasee
cardiac creep - pulse
rate increases despite pace stays same due to dehydration. Heart
pumps harder to carry the same amount of oxygen
carry the stick - use
of baton in relay race (see usage note in Rage
Report of Oregon Marathon Relay)
Percy Wells - coach and running guru of Portsea, Australia who
revolutionized training for the mile and middle distances during
the 1950's and 1960's.
Virus - radical training program for milers and middle distance
runners created by Percy Cerutty which included running barefoot,
training in sand, changes in diet and lifting weights
chub rub - chafing
caused by fat thighs rubbing together
- a male runner who competed on cinder tracks
click - slang for "kilometer"
or 1,000 meters. It is commonly used by grunts in the military,
who haven't got time to speak words of more than two syllables
in the situations they must deal with. Soldiers are tough, but
runners require even greater efficiency, prefering to shorten
kilometer even further to a single letter...hence "10K" means
10 kilometers (or 6.2 miles).
training - training strategy which uses other forms of aerobic
exercise such as swimming, cycling, cross country skiing
CSS - Chronic Slowness
Syndrome (see Guest Rage
for more about CSS)
Cunningham, Glenn -
Top American distance runner in the 1930's despite missing all
the toes on his left foot where injured by fire as a child. World
record in mile of 4:06:8 in 1934 and 1:49:7 in half-mile in 1936.
Pictured winning the 1500m at an AAU meet in Princeton, New Jersey
on July 4, 1936 (second place finisher Archie San Romani and third
place, Gene Venzke).
DFL - dead f'n' last
Dick Cheney Racing
Strategy: deployed when one thinks they have the race won before
dirty dozen - A set
of 12 - 400 meter intervals
DNF - did not finish
DNS - did not start
double-clutch - a pattern
of breathing in which a runner inhales two breaths for every breath
- Lasse Viren's back to back Olympic gold medals for Finland in
the 5000 and 10,000 meters won in 1972 and again in 1976.
sider - coffee ordered by real runners; 16 oz. black, no room
Herb - one of the greatest of all middle distance runners. Won
the 1500 in record time of 3:35.6 at the Rome Olympics in 1960.
Elliott owned the mile; raced 44 times from 1954 to 1960 and was
energy gels - (also
carbo gels) rather expensive commercially prepared semi-liquid
carbohydrate snack packaged in single serving pouches, used as
a supplement by cyclists and long distance runners during long
periods of exercise. Designer product made to provide an energy
boost without the inconvenience of chewing. Further information
and recipes for homemade energy gels on Cycling
Performance Tips website.
- a naturally occurring human hormone, produced by the kidneys,
that stimulates the production of red blood cells. It increases
oxygenation of the blood, and therefore stamina, by forming extra
red blood cells. Listed by the International Olympic Committee
as a banned substance. Used as a performance enhancer, it is thought
to place extra strain on the heart. Screening for EPO requires
blood as well as urine samples to be submitted for testing.
EST - explosive strength
training, using sprints and jumps rather than weights and machines
for conditioning. Uses sprint and jumping exercises that maximize
height and distance and minimize contact time on ground.
facial - Smacked in
the face with the ball during play (Volleyball term)
fartlek - Swedish word
meaning speedplay, in which one runs irregular distances at varying
speeds interspersed with jogging intervals
fast twitch - muscle
fibers that determine if a runner is suited to sprints
flats - non-spiked
the shoot - as in "bam-bam" for a very close one-two finish. May
be expanded to three or more "bams" when involving a
larger group of associated runners who finish in sequential order.
Flintstones - n. A
group of race finishers in one, two, three or more order in reference
to the expression "Flintstoned the shoot."
Flopper - A runner
who has a habit of collapsing in dramatic fashion in a non-winning
position (usually second place) at the conclusion of a race. Semi-floppers,
while not flopping at the finish, may exhibit border line flopping
behavior, such as conducting post-race interviews lying flat on
their backs. Non-floppers include the likes of Emil Zatopek, Steve
Prefontaine, Billy Mills and Ron Clarke. Any questions? (Note:
When it becomes necessary to connect a runner to any gravity flow
or active system designed to replenish their body fluids within
15 minutes of finishing AND TWO (2) qualified physicians are present
AND each physician attests that the runner would have died otherwise,
that runner is exempt from flopping).
Finns - Three Famous Finnish runners: Viljo Akseli Heino, Paavo
Nurmi, and Viljam Ritola
Horsemen - Notre Dame's backfield from 1922 through 1924 made
up of Don Miller, James Crowley, Elmer Layden, Harry Stuhldreher.
Win-Loss record for Irish: 27, 2, tied 1.
- or "Galloway's Book On Running" (First Edition) is an often
mentioned reference written by Olympian Jeff Galloway. It's the
main text that The Rage cut his teeth on until Manciata taught
him The Truth about running. Put a web mistress on top of it,
add a drummer and some background vocals and the rest is history...or,
at least a pretty decent web site, eh?
hammer - what you got
left at the end
HES - a plasma expander
that increases the levels of oxygen-carrying red blood cells found
to have been used by Finnish cross-country skiers who failed drug
tests at the World Championships.
hit the wall - a sudden
bonk in which you die so suddenly it is as if you ran into a wall
hypoglycemia - An abnormally
low level of sugar in the blood.
hyponatremia - An abnormally
low level of sodium in the blood.
hypopnea - Abnormally
slow and shallow breathing.
IOC - International
Olympic Committee, governing body of the Olympic Games
intervals - system
of training using repeated short distances at greater than or
near race pace
jack rabbit - taking
off fast from the start
John McCain Racing
Strategy: deployed when it becomes necessary to create some real
running room on a crowded track
miles - many miles run at a slow pace, attributed to a training
strategy by runners who confuse high mileage counts with improvement
kick - sudden
surge that takes you over the line
Kong - 10k Truth
runners' nickname for a 2,000 foot vertical ascent 3+ mile
run on Buck Mountain northeast of Coburg, Oregon. Click
for Kong stats.
threshold - point at which you cross the sissy-baby line
from aerobic to anaerobic activity, producing lactic acid
in the muscles, a byproduct of anaerobic exertion
theory - English term used to describe
cricket captain Douglas Jardine's legside fielding cordon
used against the Australians in the 1932-33 series, in which
he ordered his bowlers to aim at their opponents' bodies
and heads with short-pitched balls. A dangerous tactic later
banned by authorities. See
Long Red Row
- Nickname of Tampa Bay's Leto High School distance runners
LSD - long slow
- long distance race run over 42 km 195 m or 26 miles 385
yards. Introduced at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896
to commemorate the run by a Greek courier from Marathon
to Athens in 490 BC. See Pheidippides.
Merckx, Eddy - Belgian cycler who won
the Tour de France five times. Nicknamed "The Cannibal"
because of his appetite for winning.
Billy - 1964 10,000 meter Tokyo Olympic Gold medalist
- miles per day
splits - running the last half of a race faster than the first
Nurmi, Paavo - Finnish
distance runner, one of the "Flying Finns", winner of
9 Olympic golds
Woofing Theorem - "...in any given athletic competition (team,
individual, amatuer, professional), the team/player who is the
most over-hyped/over-praised by his/her/its fans/supporters is
doomed to LOSE the competition." See more: http://homepages.cae.wisc.edu/~dwilson/rsfc/Woof.html
over-pronator - running
form in which foot rolls inward too much; likely to have flat
James "Jesse" - Four gold medals at Berlin Olympics,
1936. Holder of five world records in 1935.
- According to legend, Greek courier who ran the 24 miles or 39
kilometers from Marathon to Athens in 490 BC with news of a Greek
victory over the Persians. After delivering the message, he collapsed
and died. See marathon.
of the plantar fascia, the tissue between muscles in the mid-foot
and the skin on the bottom of the foot which attaches the ball
of the foot to the heel. Common and painful problem for runners.
Causes can include lack of arch support, increased miles, poor
flexibility in calf muscles, overweight.
pronator - running
form with moderate inward rotation of the foot, likely to have
medium arch height
Purple Haze - Nickname
of Columbia High School Boy's Cross Country Team in Lake City,
quads - four large
muscles at front of thighs; four shots of espresso before a race
rabbit - a runner who
pushes the field to a better time then drops out of the race before
the final laps
roadkill - n. See
- lanolin product to reduce chafing and skin irritation
sandbagger - a fast
runner with a talent for acting who will masquerade as a slow
runner to lure the competition into complacency. Lance Armstrong
used this technique during the 2001 Tour de France. As he climbed
L'Alpe d'Huez he grimaced in apparent pain. With his fellow riders
thinking he was in trouble, he caught his top rival, took a long,
hard look at him, then pulled ahead at stunning speed.
sarcomeres - muscle
contraction unit of measure
Short-Roped - A term
borrowed from mountaineering describing a technique commonly used
by pacers to "pull" another runner to their desired time goal,
where the following runner runs on the shoulder of the pacer.
In mountaineering, the technique applies primarily to amateur
clients who have the money to hire very strong guides, but don't
have a clue and are actually attached to a short rope. In running,
there ain't no rope, baby.
singles - running once
per day. Example: "I ran fifty miles last week, in singles" means
that the runner ran once per day for a total of fifty miles, as
opposed to running twice or three times per day.
slow twitch - muscle
fibers that determine if a runner is suited to distance running
- A well-timed, succinct and eloquent statement, typically in
the form of a highly accurate and appropriate one line assessment
of a competitive situation. Upon successful delivery, reminds
the recipient of who you are in context with who they are (e.g.:
Muhhamad Ali saying to Ernie Terrell as he lay flat on the canvas,
"What's my name, fool? What's
my name?" after being called his former name "Cassius Clay"
repeatedly before the fight). Symptoms of successful delivery
usually come in the form of recipient' s (a) mouth hanging open;
(b) stuttering or; (c) uttering some rambling retort that typically
includes a personal attack on your mother. The effective delivery
of smack can only occur if one walks the talk. (For comparison,
see trash talk; also see The
Rage on Conversational Competition.)
- track runner who wears spikes
splits - the time to
a given point in a race
- a follower of Cerutty's Stotan Creed of hardness, toughness
and unswerving devotion to an ideal
Stotan Creed - the
name Cerutty gave his running program in the late 1950's combining
Stoic and Spartan philosophies
stride - the distance
traveled in a single long step
supinator - not enough
inward motion of foot; likely to have a high, rigid arch (same
sweats - sloppy, loose
fitting cotton clothing which absorbs moisture and gets very heavy
tempo run - usually
a two to five mile run at 80 - 90% effort
The Emperor - Nickname
of Robert Tyre Jones, Jr. who was born in 1902 and died in 1971.
Considered the heart and soul of modern golf, between 1923 and
1930 as an amateur he won 13 of 21 major championships, then retired
from play at the age of 28.
Jim - one of the greatest, most versatile athletes of all time.
Won gold in both the decathlon and pentathlon at 1912 Stockholm
Olympics. Played major and minor league baseball and professional
football including coaching and playing for the Oorang Indians
in 1922-23. (Photo: Jim Thorpe in football uniform
of Carlisle Indian School, Pennsylvania, 1909, Number NWDNS-75-X-2,
Still Pictures Branch, National Archives at College Park, 8601
Adelphi Road, College Park, MD)
- runners once recognized by their lightweight shorts and singlets
Trading Paint: What
happens when things get dicey between runners battling for position.
Most often occurs on the track when someone has had enough of
being boxed in. More blatant examples occur on narrow and isolated
trail sections of cross country courses away from any observers
which holds the DQ risk to a minimum. This occurrence usually
is accompanied with some very bad words being loudly exchanged
by the affected parties. The first definition applies to auto
racing, with the only difference being hand gestures substitued
for bad word exchanges.
talk - a less succinct, ineloquent, poorer cousin of "smack".
Usually taking the form of a rambling retort, typically including
a personal attack on your mother. (For comparison, see smack;
also see The
Rage on Conversational Competition.)
Trout, Wimpy - metaphor
for someone who can't handle real hills...like some of the weaker
members of any anadromous fish species that actually use fish
ladders to get around dams
tweener - race distance
of 15k (see 15k)
under-pronator - not
enough inward motion of foot; likely to have a high, rigid arch
(same as supinator)
Väätäinen, Juha - Finnish
runner, nicknamed Juha the Cruel for his toughness; 1971
European Championship winner in 5000 and 10,000 meter races.
velvet hammer - a kick
so soft and smooth it looks like velvet feels
Lasse - 5000 and 10,000 meter runner from Finland. Winner of four
Olympic gold medals (see double-double).
Known for his great comeback to win after falling during the Munich
Olympic 10,000 meter race. Some accused Viren of blood
doping during his career. Charges not proven.
VO2max - maximum oxygen
you the best of times - A runner's sign-off used at the close
of a letter or email. Thanks to Donald Marks for this submission.
- "Woofing is any outlandish, outrageous, inflammatory, ridiculous,
unsupported, sophmoric, or otherwise brain-dead commentary or
predictions regarding a specific team, player, or athletic event.
Comments such as "Tampa will kick Dallas' ASS!!!", "Blazerz R00L!",
Dame SUCKS", or "Sampras will CRUSH Chang like a grape!" are all
considered to be woofing. Woofing does not include rational, well-thought-out,
well-supported commentary. Thus, comments such as "I think New
York will beat Orlando, because of their outstanding defense"
or "I think Kansas City has a chance to go all the way, with Montana
on the team" are NOT considered woofing." (Definition of
Woofing from Oliver's Woofing Theorem at
Emil - Czech runner and Olympian. Won three gold medals at
the 1952 Helsinki Olympics in 5,000, 10,000 and marathon setting
Olympic records in all three distances